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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

4 edition of U.S. energy security: Options to decrease petroleum use in the transportation sector found in the catalog.

U.S. energy security: Options to decrease petroleum use in the transportation sector

United States

U.S. energy security: Options to decrease petroleum use in the transportation sector

hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy, Committee on Science, ... Congress, first session, November 1, 2001

by United States

  • 239 Want to read
  • 23 Currently reading

Published by For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., [Congressional Sales Office] .
Written in English


The Physical Object
FormatUnknown Binding
Number of Pages127
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL10114716M
ISBN 100160686822
ISBN 109780160686825
OCLC/WorldCa50610403

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 38 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under contract with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office. and advanced technology vehicle models that reduce petroleum use, save on. Creating new energy sources that can replace petroleum cleanly and cost-effectively; You Can Help. You can help improve our energy security by selecting a vehicle that uses less petroleum. Each vehicle in our Find and Compare Cars section has an Energy Impact Score that shows the amount of petroleum it uses each year.

  The use of alternative-fuel technologies could lead to far greater efficiency gains while also decoupling passenger transportation from petroleum use. When the full range of benefits, including improved energy security, reduced traffic congestion, and climate change are taken into account, many vehicle-efficiency and GHG-mitigation options seem.   Download the Brief Introduction The United States and Canada are each other’s largest energy trading partners as measured by the value of energy commodity trade, which in stood at U.S.$95 billion. The energy relationship between the two countries extends beyond just the trade of commodities, encompassing a variety of common, though not always identical, economic, security, .

  Transportation Sector Emissions. Total Emissions in = 6, Million Metric Tons of CO 2 equivalent * Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry in the United States is a net sink and offsets approximately 11 percent of these greenhouse gas emissions. All emission estimates from the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: – Clean Cities is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) flagship alternative-transportation deployment initiative, sponsored by the Vehicle Technologies Program. Clean Cities has saved nearly 3 billion gallons of petroleum since its inception in Clean Cities helps vehicle fleets and consumers reduce their petroleum use.


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U.S. energy security: Options to decrease petroleum use in the transportation sector by United States Download PDF EPUB FB2

Petroleum is the main source of energy for transportation. Inpetroleum products accounted for about 91% of the total U.S. transportation sector energy use. Biofuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, contributed about 5%.

Natural gas accounted for about 3%, most of which was used in natural gas pipeline compressors. Get this from a library. U.S. energy security: options to decrease petroleum use in the transportation sector: hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy, Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, first session, November 1, [United States.

Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy.]. U.S. energy security: options to decrease petroleum use in the transportation sector: hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy, Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, first session, November 1,   Total U.S.

energy consumption has increased, but energy consumption per capita has flattened in recent years. While total U.S. energy consumption has trended upward over time and the U.S.

population has increased, the amount of energy consumption per capita (per person) peaked in the late s, was relatively flat from the mids throughand from throughwas at. There are five energy-use sectors, and the amounts—in quadrillion Btu (or quads)—of their primary energy consumption in were; electric power quads; transportation quads; industrial quads; residential quads; commercial quads; Inthe electric power sector accounted for about 96% of total U.S.

utility-scale electricity generation, nearly all of which was sold. Energy efficiency in the U.S. transportation sector merits special attention from the standpoint of energy security and the environment because this sector is almost solely dependent on a single fuel—petroleum—about 60 percent of which is imported.

Moreover, the transportation sector is responsible for about 30 percent of U.S. emissions of. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Clean Cities program advances the nation's economic, environmental, and energy security by supporting local actions to cut petroleum use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in transportation.

Petroleum consumption in the United States increased to million barrels per day (b/d), or 37 quadrillion Btu inup nearlyb/d from and the highest level since Growth was driven primarily by increased use in the industrial sector, which grew by aboutb/d in The transportation sector grew by aboutb/d in as a result of increased demand for.

The electric power sector makes up a larger share of total U.S. energy consumption than the transportation sector. However, CO2 emissions from the electric power sector are now lower than those from transportation because the carbon intensity of the power sector has fallen much faster than the carbon intensity of the transportation sector.

Four other policies can combine to reduce U.S. transportation emissions 45%, cut oil use 23%, and save 5, lives per year by compared to. Global petroleum and liquid fuels demand will average million b/d ina decrease of million b/d from last year, before increasing by million b/d in   Alternative Fuels StrategiesAn alternative fuel, most generally defined, is any fuel other than the traditional selections, gasoline and diesel, used to produce energy or power.

The emissions impact and energy output provided by alternative fuels varies, depending on the fuel source. Examples of alternative fuels include biodiesel, ethanol, electricity, propane, compressed natural gas, and. Energy Security and Balance.

The United States imported 3% of its petroleum inand transportation was responsible for nearly three-quarters of total U.S.

petroleum consumption. Depending on foreign petroleum supplies puts the United States at risk for trade deficits, supply disruption, and price changes. Energy security is a complex issue and, in the case of the United States, is assured when the nation can deliver energy economically, reliably, environmentally soundly and safely, and in quantities sufficient to support the growing economy and defense needs [2].This will require policies that support expansion of the energy supply and delivery infrastructure (with sufficient storage and.

Top Transportation Sources: XPetroleum XBiomass X Natural Gas U.S. Energy Consumption by Sector, Data: Energy Information Administration *Total does not equal % due to independent rounding. The residential, commercial, and industrial sectors use electricity.

This graph depicts their energy source consumption outside of electricity. TRB Special Report Policy Options for Reducing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Transportation examines the potential for policies to yield major changes in transportation energy use and emissions trends by policy measures targeting cars and light trucks, medium and heavy trucks, and commercial airliners.

These three modes are by far the largest users of energy by U.S. The Massachusetts Clean Cities Coalition (MCCC) is part of a nationwide partnership sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Cities Program. Clean Cities aims to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector and support development of infrastructure necessary to make alternative fuel vehicles a viable transportation.

The combination of slower growth in energy demand and a shift in the fuel mix away from coal and toward natural gas and renewables led to a significant slowdown in the growth of carbon emissions. Carbon emissions from energy use rose by %, less than half year average growth of % per year.

However, this only partially reversed some of. The Energy Policy Act of (EPAct) called on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to expand research and development in the transportation sector and to create programs for accelerating the introduction of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) to replace conventional models fueled by petroleum (gasoline and diesel).

The. country that are active participants in the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) voluntary, reduce the use of petroleum in the transportation sector. coalition is well-positioned to play an important role in achieving the energy security, economic and environmental goals of the Clean Cities Program.

Energy Security The increasing demand for gasoline and diesel fuel used to power our cars and The U.S. transportation sector relies almost exclusively on reined petroleum products, accounting for over two-thirds of the oil used. Our increasing dependence on foreign sources of transportation Energy data Book: Edition, (december Energy consumption and supply decreased by % and % respectively on a year-on-year basis (YoY) in Q1 due to the COVID pandemic.

Among energy consumption sectors, industrial sector, including non-energy use for petrochemical feedstocks, and transportation sector declined by % and % respectively. In the last Congress, the Energy Security Council helped propose the "Open Fuel Standard Act," which would require that no less than half of .